Starwatch: Saturn takes the lead in May
Saturn has been moving toward center stage as much speedier Earth gains on the ringed planet.
In May Saturn starts rising before midnight. It first appears low in the southeast, to the left of the red star Antares in Scorpius; by dawn Saturn and Antares have moved to the south or southwest.
The lovely Teapot of Sagittarius follows Saturn into the sky. As the night wears on and morning approaches, the Teapot rotates, tipping its spout as if to pour its contents on the tail of Scorpius. The Teapot is highest in the sky around 3 a.m.; look just below and slightly east of Saturn. In June Earth will overtake Saturn in the orbital race, and the planet will be up all night.
Jupiter comes out in the east at nightfall, outshining the stars. The king of planets' nearest bright neighbor is Spica, the lone standout in Virgo, the maiden. On the night of May 7-8, a waxing moon accompanied Jupiter and Spica on their journey across the night sky. Above them shined Arcturus, the brightest star in Bootes, the herdsman.
Facing south after the sky has darkened, you can see spring constellations like Virgo and Leo (immediately west of Virgo) front and center, and summer constellations like Bootes; Corona Borealis, the northern crown; and Hercules moving in from the east. If you like a challenge, get a star chart and try to trace the sinuous line of stars in Hydra, the sea serpent, slithering below Leo and Virgo.
Venus is now a morning star, shining low above the eastern horizon just before dawn. Our brilliant sister planet climbs throughout the month, pursued by the surging spring sun. The later the date, the earlier you will have to go out to catch it before the sky gets too light. Try not to miss Venus on May 22, when an old crescent moon pays a visit.
May's full "flower moon" rises the evening of May 10. Its other names include the full corn planting moon and the milk moon. As it wanes, the moon visits Saturn and its neighbors. It travels the night sky above Antares the night of the May 11-12 and close to Saturn on May 13-14. In the morning hours of May 15, it hovers close above the bowl of the Teaspoon, which itself hangs over the handle of the Teapot of Sagittarius. During the next several nights, the shrinking moon passes under the Summer Triangle of bright stars as it makes a beeline for Venus.
The University of Minnesota offers public viewings of the night sky at its Duluth and Twin Cities campuses. For more information and viewing schedules, visit www.d.umn.edu/planet for Marshall W. Alworth Planetarium and www.astro.umn.edu/outreach/pubnight for Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics. Check out the astronomy programs at the University of Minnesota's Bell Museum ExploraDome at www.bellmuseum.umn.edu/exploradome.
Minnesota Starwatch is a newsletter describing the night sky in the Midwest. Updated monthly, it is produced by Deane Morrison, University of Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics. Find U of M astronomers and links to the world of astronomy at www.astro.umn.edu.